There are numerous indigenous groups in Bangladesh and each of these groups has its own particular culture and convention. Some of them may even include social qualifications inside their diverse tribes. In any case, a few qualities are for the most part regular among general tribes. For example, initially, most tribes had been animists.
Festivities and Festivals
Most tribes have celebrations, especially moving and singing. The greater part of these celebrations is praised by drinking a considerable measure of mixed refreshments. An extremely well-known celebration of the manipuris is a sort of Gopi move commending the affection for Radha and Krishna. In spring, Manipuris, Saotals, and orations observe Holi when they douse each other with shading. The Oraons check their year from the period of Falgun. Youthful Oraon men and ladies praise the main night of the year moving around a fire. Drums, cymbals, and woodwind give the music.
Most religious ceremonies and merriments of the Manipuris and the girls depend on the periods of the year. For an entire month, beginning with the midnight of the Holi full moon, youthful Manipuri men and ladies move in the open. They additionally praise the rice reap through singing challenges.
The young people and ladies of the Malpahari tribe additionally spend the night in merriments, singing, moving, and expending liquor. Santals commend the gather or share celebration for three to four days. Like the Manipuris, youthful Santal men and ladies move and sing to the backup of cymbals and woodwind. Like Manipuri and Santal young people, Garo ones additionally sing and move altogether at the oyanggala celebration, which is associated with the sowing of seeds and collecting of products.
A social celebration
These festivals happen around evening time when the youthful Garo men and ladies drink and move. Bison horns are blown on the event. As the night progresses, the music and moving wind up plainly more out of control, as liquor is devoured openly. The wild moving at Garo oyamgala is planned to pacify fiendish spirits. Nourishment is additionally offered to the spirits at that point. The Maghs spend the initial three days of the Maghi year singing, moving and drinking.
Religious convictions and taboos
With the exception of the Sangsarek of the Garos and Buddhism of a few tribes of Chittagong and the CHITTAGONG HILL TRACTS, every single other tribe has no particular religion. They respect their old ceremonies, convictions, and traditions as their religion. The Samsaric of the Garos is likewise near elimination. The greater part of them has at this point move toward becoming Christians. Be that as it may, regardless they take after specific rituals of Samsaric. Most Santals are Christians now yet they watch their own tribal customs. The times of the full moon and the dull of the moon are of uncommon noteworthiness to the Oraons, Manipuris and Buddhist tribes. Numerous religious and social customs happen amid the full moon.
The Oraons take after the expressions of dak and khana. They have numerous superstitions in regards to ventures. For instance, Oraons won’t embrace a trip in the event that they lurch toward the begin, somebody allures from behind, a house-reptile gets out, a message is conveyed about somebody’s passing, a carcass shows up in transit, a crow caws on a dry twig or a vacant pitcher comes in see. At the point when Oraons begin working the field, they will do as such from the east. They will sit tight for a propitious day to start constructing a house.
Tanchangya vaidya in supplication
They trust that it is unpropitious to brush hair during the evening, to toss ladies’ hair outside, to clear a house at nightfall, to offer remark after sunset, to hear an owl hooting, or a canine sobbing during the evening. Oraons likewise have certain superstitions about dairy animals. Therefore they give away the principal yield of drain from a lactating dairy animals, and won’t let a discharging lady or a lady who has not finished the time of imprisonment after labor enter a cowshed. Ladies must not take the name of the spouse’s senior sibling. Oraons trust that enchantment can be utilized to captivate ladies. They additionally have confidence in the energy of spells and charms. For assurance against witches they go to Ayurvedic doctors. The Garos don’t put stock in witches. Notwithstanding, they do trust that a few men move toward becoming tigers during the evening and assault and execute dairy cattle. They likewise trust that the individuals who are slaughtered by wild creatures are renewed as creatures. The Oraons trust that the soul of a still-conceived kid is reawakened and that some Ayurvedic doctors have the ability to keep the presence of malevolence spirits.
There are numerous superstitions and taboos with respect to ladies. Accordingly, a pregnant Oraon lady won’t eat rats or eels because of a paranoid fear of making her youngster ghastly. After labor she is illegal to eat khesari (a sort of lentils), potatoes, or stale sustenance. She isn’t permitted to drink chilly water. Manipuris don’t enable their pregnant ladies to go out in the open with their hair free; they are additionally not permitted to go far around evening time, nor to cross a stream or a scaffold.
Malpaharis trust that spirits may have a lady at her wedding and that they may have both mother and infant at labor. They are dependably vigilant for risk. khasias and Mundas trust that the spirits of dead youngsters and of one’s predecessors may visit a house and along these lines, they erect a stone stage for these spirits. All tribes have faith in family unit divine beings that control their prosperity.
The idea of Creation’ According to the Garos, a lady named Nastunpantu made the earth from soil raised by a tortoise from the base of the ocean and afterward dried it with the assistance of the sun god to make it livable. Manipuris legends describe how the world was made altogether out of the water. At that point, the colossal master Shidara made 9 divine beings and 7 goddesses. The divine beings tossed soil from the sky and the goddesses moved on the dirt and leveled it to make the earth. The Khasias trust Thyu Blauu first made the earth and after that a man and lady from whom the whole human race slipped.
Homestead work’ Some tribes see the earth as a mother; so they love the earth-mother before sowing crops. Oraons respect the cropland and trust that it is the earth-mother’s feminine cycle that produces crops. This is the reason they watch various functions where the earth is dealt with as a discharging or pregnant lady. A few tribes give the land unique sustenance, similar to the custom on account of a pregnant lady. The Oraons and the Santals respectfully apply vermilion spots on their ranch executes. Among Garos, Manipuris, Santals and a couple of different tribesmen and ladies cooperate in fields. The men clear the wildernesses and till the dirt while the ladies, as images of ripeness, sow seeds and do the transplanting. All tribes praise seed planting and product reaping in their own beautiful ways. Young fellows and ladies sing and discuss rhymes as they convey the ready yields home.